Before we take you through the complex technical details of laravel and django frameworks, let’s start with the basics first!
Both the frameworks are web application frameworks. A web application framework also known as a web development framework is a set of resources and tools used by software developers to develop and manage web apps, web services and websites. They provide a standard way to develop and deploy the web apps online.
Now, let’s give you a brief introduction of both the languages.
Laravel is an open source web development PHP framework for web artisans. Laravel follows the Model View Controller (MVC) architecture pattern. It was created and developed by Taylor Otwell and licensed by MIT license. Laravel was initially released in the year 2011 and provides a rich set of functionalities like Ruby on Rails.
It is currently being used in some well known websites like Mozilla, Instagram, Bitbucket, Pinterest etc. All the maintenance and releases are managed by Django Software Foundation. The Django framework is lightweight and has standalone features for development and testing purposes. Primary goal of the framework is to ease the development of complex web applications in lesser time.
We have given you the basics of both frameworks. It’s time to have an in depth understanding of the difference between Django and Laravel!
Django - As mentioned earlier, it is an open source framework loved by developers from across the globe. Django was initially developed by an online news operation to develop trustworthy web applications with Python.
The framework includes libraries, templates and an API for natural upgrades and connectivity. Any missing plugins in this framework can be easily added with the numerous app plugins. In terms of coding, Django follows the Don’t Repeat Yourself principle.
Laravel - Laravel is also a free and open source framework for web developers with elegant syntax. Aim of Laravel Development is to make the entire web app development process easier and quicker. Laravel also makes the common tasks like authenticating, sessions, routing and caching easier.
It is more suitable to develop large and powerful apps. Some of the best features of Laravel are expressive migration system, integrated unit testing support and inversion of control container.
Django - It uses the model view template approach. Django follows the MVC pattern closely but also takes care of organizing information options within the framework itself through templates. The data is “stateless” meaning which when changes happen, you forget the previous information and start again. It is cleaner but not much intuitive.
Laravel - On the other hand, Laravel makes use of model view controller and object rational style of programming. The model in this case is information or data. View is how the program presents users with the information and controller is the number of options a user has for manipulating that information.
When you compare laravel vs django in terms of programming language, Laravel is for intuitive and creative building whereas Django is for precise development across multiple platforms.
PHP vs Python
Django - Django uses Python. Although it is not specifically for web applications, Python development makes up for the lack by making integration with mobile apps possible. It might not be much intuitive to work with, but is much simpler in terms of lines of code.
Python is a popular language. It is easiest to learn and more readable.
Laravel - It is a PHP framework and over 80% of web pages use PHP, giving it an exclusive database of uses with huge documentation. If you are basically a web developer, then learning PHP will cover a majority of your projects.
Its templates and libraries help the beginners develop small scale projects in a relatively lesser time but for enterprise grade solution one needs to spend longer time in learning.
In this case, if there is a Django vs Laravel comparison, then Django is the clear winner!
Django - It’s user authentication system renders a safe way to manage user accounts and passwords. It also ensures that the developers don’t make common mistakes such as cross site scripting, clickjacking, cross site request and forgery.
Laravel - Laravel makes use of hashed and salted passwords which means that the passwords will never be saved as plain text in the database. It also uses “Bcrypt Hashing Algorithm” to create an encrypted version of the password.
This is one strong point of Django vs Laravel performance comparison as Python is an absolute winner. Python is really secure. NASA uses Python. Hence, proved!
Python is a very speedy language, so it is only obvious that Django is also fast. Here are a few test statistics that might interest you!
Django - Plaintext test - 3127 requests/second, JSON test - 3060 requests/second, Random SQLite Fetch test - 2137 requests/second.
Laravel - Plaintext test - 212 requests/second, JSON test - 167 requests/second, Random SQLite Fetch test - 140 requests/second.
Here you will get an actual insight in the whole Django vs Laravel frameworks analysis discussion!
Django - Routing can turn out to be a little difficult in Django as it does not have an in-built structure to create API. You have to do it yourself or use Django REST framework.
Django has in-built decorators like login_required, has_permission or require_POST. Moreover, there is an admin application which will help you to automatically build a site area and create, view, modify or delete the records. It saves time in the development process.
The Django framework provides base view classes that are suitable for a wide range of applications. It also possesses its own caching system that helps you save your dynamic pages and avoid calculating them when required.
Last but not the least, it makes the process of providing programmatic mechanisms to declare, render and validate against a defined set of rules much easier. Django framework also has a scalable authentication system and dynamic administrative interface.
Laravel - On the contrary, routing can be quite simple in Laravel and there is an easy way to create API. It boasts of a fluent object relational mapper (ORM) and delivers high level abstraction on relational databases to help developers write the Python code instead of SQL to create, read, modify or delete data and schemas in their database.
The architecture’s bundles and composer give a number of bundle modular packaging system and dependencies. That allows for easy additions to applications, especially after the release of Laravel 3.
Not only can the Laravel site work several times faster but also provides in-house support. The framework supports many cache backends and SASL, options and persistent connections.
Conclusion - Laravel vs Django
The basic differences between the two frameworks are the language they support and their several features and libraries to fulfill different requirements. We don’t deny the fact that both the frameworks have their own set of pros and cons too. You can make a choice on the basis of language and framework features to fulfill the customer requirements.
If we define specific areas then Django is highly preferable in terms of scalability, easier development, maintenance and testing. If we take into consideration user community popularity then Laravel is not far behind Django.