laravel vs symfony comparison

Choosing the right framework for your project is an extremely crucial decision to make, especially when you don’t have technical knowledge. One step in the wrong direction and you might have to face the consequences later. If you are planning to work with PHP on your upcoming web development project then you need to know about the top 10 PHP frameworks!

PHP is a leading programming language among the developers for years. Its flexibility and easy to use code structure reduce the time needed by PHP developers to complete the project. However, using some of the popular php frameworks can speed up the development process even more.

PHP does not have a default framework like other languages. However, Laravel and Symfony are some of the most preferred PHP frameworks.

Let’s have a look at some key points of Symfony vs Laravel comparison to help you choose a framework for your upcoming web application project!

Laravel Framework

It is an open source PHP framework which can be used for web application development using the MVC architecture. Whether it is a small project or a complex one, Laravel is able to successfully fulfill the core purpose due to some of its amazing features such as simple routing, easy verification and caching, proper session handling and flexible unit testing. The software developers can complete the entire project without any hindrances.

Symfony Framework

Symfony is designed by a French company Sensio Labs and is the ideal choice for large scale projects. Symfony is created to develop high performance and flexible websites that can be changed as per the business requirements. Moreover, Symfony framework can be used with some of the largest open source platforms such as Drupal, PHPBB and Piwik etc.

Let’s begin with a point to point comparison between Symfony and Laravel to help you make the right choice!

Define Your Needs

Functionality of both Symfony and Laravel makes them capable of developing robust web applications, right from front end coding to accessing the data at back-end. But some features of both the frameworks make them a better choice for certain solutions. Therefore, the basic question to answer first is - what is the aim of you application?

For instance, an ecommerce store will have a set of specific requirements as compared to a line-of-business solution. An ecommerce store will need easy and secure integration with payment gateways and other plugins. On the other hand, an enterprise grade web application will need a fail proof and stable performance.

Difference Between laravel vs symfony

Symfony is an Ideal Choice for Enterprise Grade Web Applications

Choosing Symfony for your project will require substantial amount of time and resources at the beginning as configuration of its elements requires a lot of work. But your invested time and resources will pay off as you will have greater freedom to customize your software and scale it as per your business needs. Here is some information to prove the point:

Skeleton Framework without Extra Dependencies

The release of 4th version brought about a change. Now, when you install a Symfony file, you only get a skeleton package without any attached modules. It does not have any default library, template engine or other dependencies anymore.

The Symfony ‘Composition over Inheritance’ principle states that you will get the base which is enough to run the framework and you can decide the components you want to add to it. A powerful tool called Symfony Flex is included in the skeleton page as a dependency and enables automated finding, adding and removing of bundles.

Modular Structure Comprising of Independent Elements

Key elements in Symfony are bundles, i.e packages of files to implement certain functionality and components. As bundles and components act independently, they can be introduced in the system, deleted or migrated to another project or framework without breaking the whole structure of the program.

No Preset Logic for Configuration of Elements

Symfony is a non opinionated framework that doesn’t force its logic on a developer team on how to unite bundles and components in a working solution. It's on them to find the most suitable configuration solution.

Robust Third Party Ready-Made Solutions

There are third party companies such as Sonata or FOS which provide high level bundles for Symfony. These are some big enterprises that are present in the market since years and guarantee a stable performance and maintenance of these solutions. Their out-of-the-box libraries can be incorporated into web application without reinventing the wheel.

Difference Between laravel vs symfony

Laravel is the Perfect Choice for Rapid Development

Laravel is built on the Symfony components and uses them as its stable backbone. At the same time, Laravel has its own logic and concept of how PHP programming should be done - more power with lesser code. Laravel development is the best choice for projects which require faster delivery with fewer resources.

Pre-installed Ready-made Solutions from the Beginning

The installation of Laravel package will give you a number of pre-built dependencies - for example, object relational mapping and templating engine Blade. On one hand, it comes handy as Laravel developers don’t have to spend time on setting up the project. On the other hand, not every project needs these tools, so part of the code will be useless.

Magic Methods in the Code to Save Effort

Laravel keeps some functionality hidden from the user to avoid bulky and long code lines. A developer has to comply with how the framework works in order to do more with less code. Not only does it save time and effort but enables you to focus more on your project. One major flaw in this case is that magic makes the programs harder to debug and security flaws are harder to analyze.

Automation of Processes

Laravel has powerful tools which make the common tasks such as authentication, caching, queueing and sessions easier.

Current Laravel & Symfony Versions

Both Laravel and Symfony developers release a new version every six months with minor changes. Laravel is a community oriented framework made by Taylor Otwell whereas Symfony is developed by Sensio Labs.

There is a strong debate on what is the better option between having a software that is strongly influenced by its community or having a company take full responsibility for managing the product. PHP developers have different opinions on this and there is no right way agreed on by everyone.

To sum up, it can be said that Symfony targets enterprise level projects and can be too much for small or simple projects. On the other hand, Laravel is a great choice for rapid application development and is the best choice to deploy smaller projects in a timely manner.

In most cases, the choice between PHP frameworks is completely dependent on the team leader and developers working on developing your web services.

That’s A Wrap on PHP Frameworks’ Comparison - Laravel vs Symfony!

Both Symfony and Laravel have been one of the most popular PHP frameworks for years as they simplify the entire web development process, making the life of programmers easier and their web applications more efficient.

In the case of Symfony, it takes up a lot of developers’ resources at the development stage but provides for a highly scalable solution in the long run. Thus, it becomes a good choice for long term projects that are expected to grow with time.

Laravel, on the other hand, tries to keep the configuration process simple by supplying pre-installed elements and keeping a part of the development and configuration work ready at framework level. Thus, in the case of Laravel it becomes difficult for the developers to make deeper changes in the configuration. Laravel still remains a good choice for a software solution especially when you have limited time.

If you compare the frameworks in terms of market share, then Laravel is the clear winner! Although Symfony has gained popularity lately, it has not been able to match up to the level of Laravel.

blog CMO - kodytechnolab

Drashti Pandya

PHP Developer